The institutional structures have been approved by the Cabinet for NHM vide its decision dated May 1, 2013.
At the National level, the Mission Steering Group (MSG) and the Empowered Programme Committee (EPC) are in place. The MSG provides policy direction to the Mission. The Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare chairs the MSG. The convenor is the Secretary, Department of Health & Family Welfare and the co-convenor is the Additional Secretary & Mission Director. Financial proposals brought before the MSG are first placed before and examined by the EPC, which is headed by the Union Secretary of Health and Family Welfare. The composition, role and powers of the MSG and EPC are in accordance with the Cabinet approval of May 1, 2013.
The Mission is headed by a Mission Director, of the rank of Additional Secretary, supported by a team of Joint Secretaries. The Mission handles not just the day-to-day administrative affairs of the Mission but is responsible for planning, implementing and monitoring Mission activities.
Upto 0.5% of NHM Outlay is earmarked for programme management and activities for policy support at the national level through a National Programme Management Unit (NPMU).
The National Health Systems Resource Centre (NHSRC) would continue to serve as the apex body for technical support to the Centre and states. Technical support focuses on problem identification, analysis and problem solving in the process of implementation. It also includes capacity building for district/city planning, organization of community processes and over all dimensions of institutional capacity, of which skills is only a part. NHSRC would also undertake implementation research and evaluation and support the development of State Health Systems Resource Centres (SHSRC) and knowledge networks and partnerships in the states. NHSRC would further provide support for policy and strategy development, through collating evidence and knowledge from published work, from experiences in implementation and serve as institutional memory
The National Institute of Health and Family Welfare (NIHFW) is the country’s apex body for training. Its main focus is on public health education, development of skills in public health management and all training needs of the health care providers. Training is focused on skill based training of service providers and includes selected aspects of health management training. Its primary accountability is to see that along with its state counterparts, necessary skills for public health management and service provision are in place. One of the major roles of the NIHFW would be to revitalize and strengthen the State Institutes of Health and Family Welfare (SIHFW). Another role would be to develop into a centre of e-learning. The NIHFW would also play a leading role in public health research and support to health and family welfare programmes.
The huge need of institutional capacity development across the nation can be met only by coordinated efforts between networks of a large number of public health institutions. Knowledge resources for the National Disease Control Programmes are supported by the National Centre for Communicable Diseases. Additional knowledge resources can be harnessed from a number of emerging public health institutions, such as the public health divisions of centrally sponsored institutes namely, All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, (AIIMS) and Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, (PGIMER) others, such as, the Public Health Foundation of India, (PHFI) the Indian Institute of Health Management and Research (IIHMR) and other institutes and schools of public health in states.
At the state level, the Mission functions under the overall guidance of the State Health Mission (SHM) headed by the State Chief Minister. The State Health Society (SHS) would carry the functions under the Mission and would be headed by the Chief Secretary.
The District Health Mission (DHM)/City Health Mission (CHM) would be headed by the head of the local self-government i.e. Chair Person Zila Parishad/Mayor as decided by the state depending upon whether the district is predominantly rural or urban. Every district will have a District Health Society (DHS), which will be headed by the District Collector. At the city level, the Mission or Society may be established based on local context. Existing vertical societies for various national and state health programmes will be merged in the DHS.
The management of NUHM activities may be coordinated by a city level Urban Health Committee headed by the Municipal Commissioner/District Magistrate/Deputy Commissioner/District Collector/ Sub-Divisional Magistrate/Assistant Commissioner based on whether the city is the district headquarter or a sub-divisional headquarter as may be decided by the state. This would facilitate coordination with other related departments like Women & Child Development, Water Supply and Sanitation especially in times of response to disease outbreaks/ epidemics in the cities.
For the seven mega cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad, NHM will be implemented by the City Health Mission.
The State Program Management Unit (SPMU), State Health System Resource Centres (SHSRC) and the State Institutes of Health and Family Welfare (SIHFW) will continue to play similar roles for the State as do their national counterparts for the Centre. The SPMU acts as the main secretariat of the SHS. The constitution and functioning of the SPMU and Executive Committee of the SHS shall be such that there is no hiatus between the Directorate of Health and Family Welfare services and the SPMU. The exact detail of how this would be achieved is left to the State.
SIHFWs and SHSRCs will be strengthened with the necessary infrastructure and human resources to enable provision of quality trainings and skill development programs. Linkages with research institutes, schools of public health and medical colleges at State and National level would be supported.
The District Programme Management Unit (DPMU) would be linked to a District Health Knowledge Centre (DHKC) and its partners for the requisite technical assistance. The District Training Centre (DTC) would be the nodal agency for training requirements of the District Health Society (DHS).